NCC PORTAL

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The Portal brings together a broad selection of resources from all six of the National Collaborating Centres (NCCs). Search for resources by clicking on NCC, Type, Topic and Core Competency.

Please note: the Portal is not exhaustive and not all resources are indexed by PHAC Core Competency.

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An Introduction to Punctuated Equilibrium: A Model for Understanding Stability and Dramatic Change in Public Policies - Nouvelles Du Site

National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy | 01/22/2018 | Healthy public policy, Policy, Public health roles, Report, NCCHPP

In this document, we look at the “Punctuated Equilibrium” model, which aims to explain why public policies tend to be characterized by long periods of stability punctuated by short periods of radical change. This model can help public health actors understand why governments are sometimes receptive to evidence and discussion leading to significant policy change, whereas at other times, government seems to be less receptive to change and only open to making minor adjustments. This model can also help guide the actions and strategies that public health actors can use to influence public policy. To this end, we will provide some insights on how public health actors can use the punctuated equilibrium model to analyze situations and identify opportune moments and strategies for acting upon policies.

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The Advisors of Policy Makers: Who Are They, How Do They Handle Scientific Knowledge and What Can We Learn About How to Share Such Knowledge with Them?

When one wishes to share public health knowledge in the hope of influencing public policy development, are policy makers the most relevant actors to target? Despite being often overlooked, the advisors of policy makers play an important role in public policy development. Moreover, when scientific knowledge is used in that process, advisors are the ones who handle such knowledge. This literature review analyzes 70 documents that focus on the observations of advisors themselves, or of actors who rub shoulders with them. It sketches the profile of these advisors: some of them are public servants in departments or in local governments, while others are political advisors in ministerial offices or in the legislative branch. Our paper then describes the work these advisors carry out, especially as it comes to using scientific knowledge. Last, it sets out to pinpoint the influence these advisors have in political circles.

Throughout the document, we draw on findings that emerge from the literature to suggest avenues for reflection to help readers to analyze their own contexts and determine the knowledge-sharing approach most suited to their needs.

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Collection of Adapted Summaries of Public Health Ethics Frameworks and Very Short Case Studies

The NCCHPP has started to produce and to gather together adapted frameworks and cases to help familiarize practitioners with frameworks and with ethical deliberation. To date the NCCHPP proposes seven frameworks and six cases, and will be adding to these over time.

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Knowledge Sharing and Public Policy Series - Policy Makers' Advisors, Scientific Knowledge and Knowledge Sharing: Highlights of a Literature Review and Key Lessons

The NCCHPP has published an extensive literature review that deals with political actors that are often overlooked: the advisors of policy makers. The analysis we produced explores their profiles, the way they use scientific knowledge and their influence in government circles. The summary offered here outlines highlights of the analysis and key considerations for public health actors hoping to share knowledge with policy makers' advisors.

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Knowledge Sharing and Public Policy Series - Querying Databases to Identify Documents on Knowledge Sharing Targeting Public Policies: Example of One Study

Putting together relevant combinations of keywords to identify documents discussing complex subjects in databases is not easy. Within the context of carrying out a review of the literature on knowledge sharing targeting public policies, we developed a query to search databases through the OVID, EBSCO and ProQuest interfaces. In this document, we present the complete query so that interested readers may draw upon it for inspiration or reproduce it for their own work.

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Public Health Ethics: What is it? And Why is it Important?

In this narrated web presentation of about 15 minutes, we set out to situate public health ethics with respect to normative ethics, bioethics and medical or clinical ethics, and to map the main dimensions of public health ethics and suggest why it is important.

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Knowledge Sharing and Public Policy Series – A Representation of Influence Processes

Gaining a better understanding of how knowledge circulates in the political sphere can help improve knowledge-sharing practices so as to increase their desired outcomes. In order to deepen this understanding, a graphic representation (a logic model) of the processes through which public health knowledge can influence public policy is presented in this document.

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